3D-models of railway track for dynamic analysis

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George Rangel
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3D-models of railway track for dynamic analysis

Mensagem por George Rangel » 13 Out 2014, 15:53

Autor: Huan Feng (Feng H.)

Orientador: Kassa, E.

Instituição: Royal Institute of Technology
Departamento: Department of Transport Science
Cidade: Stockholm
Ano: Novembro/2011
Feng - 2011.pdf
In recent decades, railway transport infrastructures have been regaining their importance due to their efficiency and environmentally friendly technologies. This has led to increasing train speeds, higher axle loads and more frequent train usage. These improved service provisions have however brought new challenges to traditional railway track engineering, especially to track geotechnical dynamics. These challenges demanded for a better understanding of the track dynamics. Due to the large cost and available load conditions limitation, experimental investigation is not always the best choice for the dynamic effect study of railway track structure. Comparatively speaking, an accurate mathematical modeling and numerical solution of the dynamic interaction of the track structural components reveals distinct advantage for understanding the response behavior of the track structure.
The purpose of this thesis is to study the influence of design parameters on dynamic response of the railway track structure by implementing Finite Element Method (FEM). According to the complexity, different railway track systems have been simulated, including: Beam on discrete support model, Discretely support track including ballast mass model and Rail on sleeper on continuum model. The rail and sleeper have been modeled by Euler-Bernoulli beam element. Spring and dashpot has been used for the simulation of railpads and the connection between the sleeper and ballast ground. Track components have been studied separately and comparisons have been made between different models. The finite element analysis is divided into three categories: eigenvalue analysis, dynamic analysis and general static analysis. The eigenfrequencies and corresponding vibration modes were extracted from all the models. The main part of the finite element modeling involves the steady-state dynamic analysis, in which receptance functions were obtained and used as the criterion for evaluating the dynamic properties of track components. Dynamic explicit analysis has been used for the simulation of a moving load, and the train speed effect has been studied. The displacement of the trackbed has been evaluated and compared to the measurement taken in Sweden in the static analysis.

Keywords: track dynamics, railway track modelling, finite element analysis, receptance
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