A CASE STUDY IN CONSTRUCTION OPTIMISATION FOR SUB-BALLAST LAYER

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A CASE STUDY IN CONSTRUCTION OPTIMISATION FOR SUB-BALLAST LAYER

Mensagem por Manuela » 05 Set 2016, 11:46

Autores: A. Paixão, E. Fortunato & S. Fontul, F. Martins.

KEYWORDS: design optimisation, construction quality, sub-ballast, in-situ testing.

ABSTRACT:
The performance requirements of modern railway tracks demand a proper design in order to meet safety
and passenger comfort standards, taking into account the optimization of the infrastructure life cycle.
The sub-ballast layer, namely the characteristics of the materials used, plays a fundamental role in the
track behaviour. However the requirements established for these materials are not consensual worldwide.
Very stringent requirements have been adopted in many countries, making it difficult to find adequate
materials.
The studies presented herein were performed during the construction of an upgraded section of the
Portuguese Lisbon – Algarve link, designed for a maximum speed of 220 km/h. During the construction it
was difficult to obtain the desired quantity of granite material for the 30 cm thick sub-ballast layer in
order to fulfil the applicable standards and the design requirements and still respect the contract deadline.
To overcome this problem, the contractor suggested an alternative structural solution that considered the
replacement of the bottom 15 cm of the granite material sub-ballast layer by limestone material.
Therefore, it was necessary to study the feasibility of the alternative solution in order to assure the
construction quality. Several studies were developed, such as laboratory characterisation and in situ
testing.
The studies performed and the results presented in this paper show that the implemented alternative was
adequate and complied with the quality requirements specified in the contract in a more economic way.
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